The Republic of Lebanon (http://www.lebanon-touris...) Arabic: لبنان Lubnān is a small country 10,452 sq km or 4076 sq mi in area with 3.7 million inhabitants within the Middle East region with its capital being Beirut. It has a long coastline on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and shares a long land border with its much larger neighbour Syria to the north and the east, a much shorter and currently "hot" border with Israel to the south.