Suriname

Climate

Tropical; moderated by trade winds; yearly rain average 2200 mm. There are 2 dry seasons February to March, August to November and 2 rainy seasons December to January, April to August. November is the generally the hottest month.

Terrain

Mostly rolling hills, rising towards maximum of around 1000 meters in the south; narrow coastal plain with mangrove swamps. Mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that is in excellent condition, though is increasingly threatened by new development.

Elevation extremes highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m

History

Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to rule through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1989, the military overthrew the civilian government, but a democratically-elected government returned to power in 1991.