Be alert for your own security in Mauritius. Exercise common sense and look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would anywhere in the world. Be a smart traveller. Before your trip: Organize comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy. Register your travel and contact details, so that you can be contacted in an emergency.
Some safety advice:
Avoid remote areas alone.
Do not leave valuables in view in your car.
Avoid unexpected offers of seemingly free guided tours. Ulterior motives are common.
Do not patronise unlicensed taxis taxi marrons. Some robbers use this trick to lure and attack their victims.
Mauritius does not have an official language, but the main language of government is English. As such, all government administrative documents are in the Commonwealth variety of English. However, French is the language most commonly used in formal settings, and is by far the dominant language in the mass media, as well as in corporate and business dealings. In fact, even English language television programs are usually dubbed into French. Most subjects are taught in and examined in English in the education system.
The most commonly spoken language is Mauritian Creole, a French based Creole which has incorporated some words from diverse sources including but not limited to English, Dutch and Portuguese, and has slight pronunciation differences from standard French. While there is no official written standard for Mauritian Creole, when written down for informal communication, words are often spelled differently from standard French. The next most commonly spoken language is French, which is spoken fluently by most locals, with English being a not too distant third. Virtually everyone working in the tourism industry will be able to speak fairly decent, albeit heavily accented, English, and all government departments will have English-speaking staff on duty. Other languages spoken by much smaller numbers include: Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri and Mandarin.Tamils constitute around 10% of the population and speak Tamil.