Most of the trains in Nigeria are for transporting cargo.
The former president, Yar'adua, however, said that he planned to invest and aggressively pursue a nationwide train network, of which his successor former president Jonathon did although not yet to international standard.
At the moment it is not advisable to travel on train especially if you are a foreign national.
Foreign nationals who are not citizens of the Economic Community of West African States ECOWAS need to apply for a visa to enter Nigeria. This can be obtained at Nigerian embassies, high commissions and consulates worldwide.
If you require a visa to enter Nigeria, you might be able to apply for one at a British embassy, high commission or consulate in the country where you legally reside if there is no Nigerian diplomatic post. For example, the British embassies inww.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/countries/kosovo/commonwealth-bots/?langname=null Pristina and Sofia accept Nigerian visa applications this list is not exhaustive. British diplomatic posts charge GBP50 to process a Nigerian visa application and an extra GBP70 if the authorities in Nigeria require the visa application to be referred to them. The authorities in Nigeria can also decide to charge an additional fee if they correspond with you directly.
Be aware that you are not usually able to apply at a Nigerian diplomatic post in a country where you are not a legal resident. Also, an in-person interview may be a formal requirement, which can make applications from a distance challenging.
A heed of warning for recent visitors and those wishing to visit Nigeria. Due to the current ebola virus outbreak, the countries of Belize, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Ivory Coast, Mongolia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe and South Africa.
Be sure to take your yellow fever vaccination form with you. Despite yellow fever vaccination being a visa requirement, you may still be denied entry if you cannot present the vaccination form as proof.
Nationals of Kenya can obtain a visa upon arrival for a maximum stay of 90 days.
Getting around is relatively easy, except that there could be delays due to traffic jams within most major cities. There are multitudes of coaches and buses that will take you to any part of Nigeria you wish ABC Transport Services is well known for its services among others. Lagos state government also operates a transit system BRT buses which serves the Lagos metropolis. CHISCO is another well-known bus company in Nigeria. Both CHISCO and ABC Transport provide regular, reliable international service between Lagos Nigeria and Accra Ghana.
International airports are located in Lagos, Abuja, Kano, Port Harcourt and Enugu. The Lagos domestic and international terminals are located several miles apart. Transfers between the two terminals are time consuming.
Arik Air, Bellview Airlines, and Aero Contractors make local and regional flights to other West African countries. Arik Air provides international service to London UK, New York USA, Luanda Angola, and Johannesburg South Africa. Virgin Nigeria/Air Nigeria has ceased all operations.
Several European airlines fly to Nigeria: British Airways London Heathrow - Abuja, Lagos, Virgin Atlantic London Heathrow - Lagos, KLM Amsterdam - Abuja, Lagos, Kano, Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle - Lagos, Alitalia Rome- Fiumicino - Accra, Lagos, Turkish Airline Istanbul - Lagos, Lufthansa Frankfurt - Abuja, Lagos, Iberia Airlines Madrid - Lagos, Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa - Lagos, Enugu
US Based Delta Airlines operates 5 times a week a non-stop service from Atlanta to Lagos using a Boeing 777-200 aircraft since 1 July 2009. More recently Delta Airlines has replaced the Boeing 777 with a 767. Delta Airlines no longer services Abuja.
United Airlines which bought Continental flies at least 5x per week nonstop from Houston to Lagos using either the Boeing 777 or 787.
Other inter-continental airlines fly to Lagos. They include: China Southern Airlines Beijing, Dubai, Emirates Dubai, Middle East Airlines Beirut, Qatar Airways Doha, Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi.
There are African companies: South African Airlines from Johannesburg, Egypt Air from Cairo, Ethiopian Airlines from Addis Ababa, Kenya Airways from Nairobi, Afriqya Airways from Tripoli, Hewa Bora from Kinshasa.
Besides these, there are other airlines in addition to VNA and Bellview that operate domestic and regional flights to places like Abidjan, Accra, Banjul, Conakry, Dakar, Douala, Freetown, Johannesburg, Libreville, Monrovia.
Currently, The Port Harcourt International Airport is fully operational again after being closed for about 2 years for rehabilitation works.
There are also airports in most states of the federation and local air travel is widespread.