A passport is required to enter Rwanda and a certificate of vaccination for yellow fever is normally required to return back to the country of origin. Effective November 1, 2014 (https://www.migration.gov...), nationals of the following countries must obtain a visa upon entry to Rwanda: USA, Germany, Australia, Israel, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Visas valid for 30 days for the purpose of tourism can be purchased at Kigali International Airport and at land border crossing for 30 USD. Nationals of Singapore, Hong Kong, Mauritius, and the Philippines do not require a visa. Nationals of the East African Community are issued visas valid for six months upon entry at no fee. If arriving by air, citizens of many other European countries may get an 8 day single entry visa on arrival for USD30, which can be extended by the immigration office in Kigali, although this process is sometimes tedious. Generally, Rwandan embassy and consulates can issue 3 month tourist visas for around the same price without much hassle. Contact your nearest embassy or consulate for more information.
If you are travelling overland, it is no longer possible to obtain a visa at the border. However, visa application can easily be made online. You will within a few days receive an entry visa acceptance by email. Bring this acceptance letter; the visa will be issued at the border. The USD30 visa fee is paid at the border.
I'm not a plastic bag!Thin plastic bags are prohibited in Rwanda. Luggage will be searched at the border and even at police checkpoints throughout the country to make sure you are not carrying plastic bags. Prior to the ban, one-time use plastic bags plagued city streets and threatened the delicate environment. Today, Rwandan cities are almost litter-free and some of the cleanest in Africa!
In Uganda, several bus companies make the 8 hour journey from Kampala in Uganda to Kigali. As of Jan 2011, it costs 7000 Rwandan francs from Kigali to Kampala on Horizon. Jaguar cost RWF12,000 June 2013. The most reliable bus company is Kampala coaches, Jaguar and Ontracom from Rwanda.
Tanzaniahas an open border with Rwanda, but this is a far more difficult way to enter Rwanda as it is remote, and part of the road in western Tanzania remains unpaved. A bus runs from Mwanza to Benako both Tanzania and from Benako buses run onto Kigali. Another town to consider on this route is Ngara Tanzania.
Several buses run from Dar es Salaam via Morogoro and Dodoma they all leave Ubungo bus station around 06:00-07:00 to Kahama daily. You will have to spend the night in Kahama and then get a minibus or shared taxi to the border. From the Rwandan side of the border, there are minibuses to Kigali.
In Burundi, there are two ways to enter from Rwanda, and security in border areas varies. For the intrepid, there is a daily direct service from Kigali to Bujumbura operated by Yahoo Car, and since 2007, a new luxury service operated by Belvedere Lines. If there are security concerns on the Bujumbura - Huye - Kigali route, it is also possible to go along the road bordering but not entering DRC. You will probably have to do this in a series of minibuses via Cibitoke, Bugerama Rwanda and Cyangugu Rwanda. With both of these routes, check the security situation with your embassy the Belgian embassy has the best information.
For Democratic Republic of the Congo, much of the country remains off limits to many tourists due to instability, though Goma and Bukavu can be visited easily from Rwanda.
There are direct international flights into Kigali from Brussels several times a week on Brussels Airlines, and from Istanbul three times per week on Turkish Airlines. KLM also flies to Kigali directly from Amsterdam. RwandAir has, since the end of August 2011, started flights to Dubai via Mombasa using its new Boeing 737-800 and separately to Jo-Burg using the same aircraft. There are also daily flights from Entebbe airport in Uganda, Johannesburg and Addis Ababa. Additionally, there are connections twice a day from Nairobi, and several flights a week to Bujumbura. Note that the Rwandan capital is also easily accessible 3h by road from the Goma airstrip in DRC.
Transport networkRoad infrastructureThe following areas are paved:• Kigali - Kibuye very winding, little traffic, in good condition.• Kigali - Ruhengeri good condition.• Ruhengeri-Gisenyi: Good.• Kigali - Uganda border Byumba: good condition, many trucks.• Kigali - Gitarama: Good.The road network of the city of Kigali and its suburbs, outside the main paved roads, consists of roads in very poor condition. The Kibuye-Gisenyi and Kibuye-Cyangugu tracks remain difficult. The use of an all-terrain vehicle is recommended. Fuel supply is generally provided in the main cities.Generally, drive with caution, particularly at night, given the large number of pedestrians along roads, including children.