Many people take the train to Jammu followed by a taxi or bus ride to Srinagar. The journey from Jammu to Srinagar is costlier in the summers because the capital is being shifted from Jammu to Srinagar on both the state buses and Sumos. State buses are safer but take more time and are a bit uncomfortable.
Foreign travelers on visas are required to register upon arrival at the airport or to their hotel or houseboat.
Sheikh ul Alam Airport Urdu: شیخ العالم ہوائی اڈا Hindi: शेख़ उल आलम हवाई अड्डा is commonly known as Srinagar Airport Urdu: سری نگر کے ہوائی اڈا) It is an international airport IATA: SXR ICAO: VISR.
A new terminal for arrivals and departures with air bridges and other up to date operational facilities was inaugurated on 14 February 2009. International, domestic and seasonal Hajj pilgrimage charters to Jeddah are operated from Sheikh ul Alam airport.
Flights are operated by Jet Airways, Jet Konnect Indigo, SpiceJet, Go Air, Jet Lite and Air India (http://www.airindia.com/) from Delhi and Mumbai to Srinagar, with or without a stopover at Jammu. The frequency is once or twice a day by each airline. The cost is approx Rs 2,500 from Jammu, Rs 2,500-5,000 from Delhi one way and higher from Mumbai, depending on the season.
The airport is still heavily patrolled and you may see many soldiers or other armed security detachments. Winter flights can easily be canceled due to weather conditions. Tickets are easy to purchase in the city. The airport requires a ticket for entrance. A taxi into town should be Rs 550 and direct to Gulmarg is Rs 1,500-2,000
When departing Srinagar by air, make sure you have a printed copy of your ticket at hand, otherwise you will not be able to enter the airport. Additionally, allow approximately 1 hr to get from Srinagar to the airport. Security checks can cause traffic to bank up if there are a few flights leaving at around the same time.
It is always recommended to book the taxi for Jammu to Jammu for multiple days if you are on short visit of typical Kashmir places covering Patnitop-Srinagar-Gulmarg-Sonmarg-Pahalgam.
Typical tariffs are 2500-3000/day Inclusive all for Non A/C Chevrolet Tavera-Toyota Innova. 2015 onwards, For road development purpose; Jammu to Srinagar NH1A has drive access for only one way either upward or downward.
Local travel agents are well aware about so make sure before planning the itinerary for Kashmir to avoid any trouble.
Jammu to Udhampur road is 4-Lane, Udhampur to Jawahar Tunnel is 2-lane & highly terrain whereas for Jawahar tunnel to Srinagar is 2-Lane & plain roads.
Typical time from Jammu-Srinagar is 11-12 hours while Srinagar-Jammu 9-10 hours without any traffic congestion. It is always advisable to keep margin of 4-5 hours if you have planned for subsequent journey because even small accident or bad weather can create traffic jam for 4-5 hours.
J&K State Road Transport Corporation J&KSRTC operates fairly comfortable buses from Jammu costing around Rs 350 and do the journey in around 12 hr. 2 day buses run between Srinagar and Leh staying overnight in Kargil. Buses arrive either early morning or late at night, be ready for an onslaught of touts so have a plan of where to stay ready.
There are also direct buses from Delhi taking almost 24 hr to reach Srinagar.
There are very limited frequency and never recommended through bus since highly terrain roads. It is advisable to travel by taxi.