Assam has maintained a rich tradition of various traditional crafts dating for more than two thousand years. Presently, Cane and bamboo craft, bell metal and brass craft, silk and cotton weaving, toy and mask making, pottery and terracotta work, wood craft, jewelry making, musical instruments making remain major traditions and interesting souvenir items. Assam possesses unique crafts of toy and mask making mostly concentrated in the Vaishnav Monasteries, pottery and terracotta work in Western Assam districts and wood craft, iron craft, jewellery, in many places across the region.

Assam Silk There are three major types of indigenous wild silks produced in Assam—golden Muga, white Pat and warm Eri silk. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis which is to Assam. This silk can be hand-washed with its lustre increasing after every wash. Pat silk is produced by silkworms which feed on mulberry leaves. It is usually brilliant white or off-white in colour. Eri silk is made by silkworms which feed on leaves of Castor oil plant . It is also known as Endi or Errandi silk. This silk is soft and warm and is popular as shawls and quilts.