Visitors should be aware that the United Liberation Front of Assam Ulfa has been engaged in a campaign for independence in the state since 1979. Previously, their tactics were to destroy facilities, such as oil and gas pipelines, that were of economic benefit to India as well as targeting security patrols. However, in recent times they have become more assertive in their demands and the Hindi speaking civilian population have also become targets of intimidation and kidnappings, and indiscriminate exploding of bombs in areas frequented by Hindi speakers have become increasingly common. Foreigners have not been targeted in the campaign, though, of course, it is possible to be caught in the violence due to being in the wrong place at the wrong time, so vigilance is required while visiting the state.
Assamese is the principal language and the lingua-franca in the region. Assamese and Bodo are the local official languages in Assam and Bengali is also used as the same in Barak Valley. There are several other local languages such as Mishing, Karbi, Dimasa, Garo, Hmar, Bru, Taiphake, Taikhamti, etc used by the specific ethno-cultural groups in different pockets. However, most educated people speak English and Hindi with local tunes. Bengali is also spoken in many parts of Assam especially Guwahati and Silchar where Bengali community resides in large numbers. Moreover, there are also large numbers of other Indian language and dialect speakers such as Punjabi, Marwari, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, etc particularly in the urban centres.
Usually, all official signs and documents are written in both Assamese and in English, using British spelling. The Government of India establishments Indian Railways, ONGC, etc will have sign-boards in all three languages - Assamese, English and Hindi. Commercial and street signs are usually written in Assamese and English and in Bengali in Barak Valley. As English has a wider base, foreigners need not to worry about not knowing Assamese or any other local language; however, it is an additional advantage for a tourist to know few sentences of a local language.
AIR Guwahati / Akashvani Guwahati) - 729 kHz, 1035 kHz, 4940 kHz, 7280 kHz, 100.8 MHz
Gupshup FM - 94.3
Radio Oolala Positive Radio Pvt. Ltd. - 91.9 MHz
Big 92.7 FM, Guwahati Adlabs Films Ltd. - 92.7 MHz
Gyan Vani, Guwahati - 107.8 MHz
AIR Dibrugarh / Akashvani Dibrugarh - 567 kHz
AIR Jorhat / Akashvani Jorhat - 103.4 MHz
AIR Tezpur / Akashvani Tezpur - 1125 kHz
AIR Diphu / Akashvani Diphu) - 1485 kHz
AIR Haflong / Akashvani Haflong - 100.2 MHz
AIR Nagaon / Akashvani Nagaon - 102.7 MHz
AIR Kokrajhar / Akashvani Kokrajhar - 1512 kHz
AIR Dhubri / Akashvani Dhubri - 103.3 MHz
AIR Silchar / Akashvani Silchar - 828 kHz