View of Bangladesh plains from Cherrapunjee

The cliffs of Cherrapunji receive heavy rainfall due to monsoon winds blowing from the Bay of Bengal. Thus, the region is home to extremely wet weather.Cherrapunji's yearly rainfall average stands at 11,777 millimetres 463.7 in. Cherrapunji receives both the Southwest and Northeast monsoon showers which give it a single monsoon season. It lies in the windward side of the Khasi Hills. In the winter months it receives the northeast monsoon showers which travel down the Brahmaputra valley.


Cherrapunji is located at 25.30°N 91.70°E. It has an average elevation of 1,484 metres 4,869 ft sits on a plateau in the southern part of the Khasi Hills, facing the plains of Bangladesh. The plateau rises 600 meters above the surrounding valleys. Valleys around Cherrapunji are covered with lush and very diverse vegetation, containing numerous endemic species of plants, including Meghalaya subtropical forests.


The original name for this town was Sohra, pronounced as "Churra" by the British before morphing into the present one. Despite perennial rain, Cherrapunji faces an acute water shortage and the inhabitants often have to trek for miles to obtain potable water. Irrigation is also hampered due to excessive rain washing away the topsoil as a result of human encroachment into the forests. Now the Meghalaya State government has decided to rename Cherrapunji to its local name "Sohra". There is a monument to David Scott British Administrator in NE India, 1802–31 in Cherrapunji cemetery.