Citizens of the following countries can get a multiple-entry, sticker-type visa at any point of entry into Turkey for a fee (http://www.mfa.gov.tr/vis...):

Valid for three months:

Antigua and Barbuda US$20 / €15

Australia US$60 / €45

Austria US$20 / €15 / £10

Bahamas US$20 / €15

Barbados US$20 / €15

Belgium US$20 / €15 / £10

Canada US$60 / €45

Dominica US$20 / €15

Dominican Republic US$20 / €15

Grenada US$20 / €15

Haiti US$20 / €15

Hong Kong BNO Passport US$20 / €15

Ireland US$20 / €15 / £10

Jamaica US$20 / €15

Kuwait US$20 / €15 until October 31, 2013

Maldives US$20 / €15

Malta Gratis

Mexico US$20 / €15, with valid Schengen, UK, Canada, US, or Japan visa

Netherlands US$20 / €15 / £10

Norway US$20 / €15 / £10

Oman US$20 / €15

Poland US$20 / €15 / £10

Portugal US$20 / €15 / £10

Qatar US$20 / €15 until October 31, 2013

Saudi Arabia US$20 / €15 until October 31, 2013

Spain US$20 / €15

Saint Kitts and Nevis US$20 / €15

Saint Lucia US$20 / €15

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines US$20 / €15

United Arab Emirates US$20 / €15 until October 31, 2013

Ukraine US$30 / €20 until August 01, 2012

United Kingdom US$20 / €15 / £10

United States of America US$20 / €15

Valid for two months:

Belarus US$20 / €15

Russia No visa required as per bilateral agreement between the countries

Valid for one month:

Armenia US$15 / €10

Bahrain US$15 / €10

Bangladesh US$20 / €15, with valid Schengen, UK, or US visa

Republic of Cyprus US$20 / €15 / £10

Hungary US$20 / €15 / £10

India US$20 / €15, with valid Schengen, UK, or US visa

Indonesia US$25

Mauritius US$15 / €10

Moldova US$30 / €20

Pakistan US$20 / €15, with valid Schengen, UK, or US visa

Slovakia US$20 / €15 / £10

South Africa US$15 / €10

NOTE: Payments in Pounds Sterling must be in Bank of England £10 notes ONLY. No Scottish or Northern Irish notes and no other values of notes, i.e. £5 or £20

The citizens of the countries/territories listed below can enter Turkey visa-free for 90 days unless otherwise stated (http://www.mfa.gov.tr/vis...):

Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Azerbaijan 30 days, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 days, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica 30 days, Croatia, Czech Republic, Northern Cyprus Turkish republic of, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Iceland, Hong Kong SAR Passport, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan 30 days, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan 30 days, Latvia 30 days, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau 30 days, Macedonia 60 days, Malaysia, Moldova 30 days, Monaco, Mongolia 30 days, Montenegro, Morocco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan 30 days, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan 30 days, Uruguay, Uzbekistan 30 days, Vatican City and Venezuela.

German citizens don't need a visa for stays up to 90 days and can even enter with their national ID card Personalausweis or an expired passport/ID unless arriving at the non-Council of Europe land border crossings i.e. from Iran, Iraq and Syria. (http://www.auswaertiges-a...)

More information can be found at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs website (http://www.mfa.gov.tr/vis...).

By plane
By plane

Turkey's primary international gateway by air is Istanbul's Atatürk International Airport (http://www.ataturkairport...). Ankara's Esenboğa Airport handles a comparatively limited selection of international flights, and there are also direct charters to Mediterranean resort hot spots like Antalya in the peak summer and winter seasons. In 2005 customs at Istanbul international airport was rearranged to the effect that one is now required to go through customs and "enter the country" there, rather than first travel to a regional destination and pass customs there. Luggage will generally travel to the final destination without further ado, but on occasion you may have to point it out to be sure it will be transported on. The information given by flight attendants in the incoming flight may not be adequate so until the procedure is changed it is supposed to be only temporary it is wise to inquire on Istanbul airport. Since one must pass security again for any inland flight, it is advisable to hurry and not spend too much time in transit. There are also some other regional airports which receive a limited number of flights from abroad, especially from Europe and especially during the high season Jun-Sep.

By ship
By ship

Many people arrive in Bodrum on one of the hydro-foils or ferries that run from most of the close Greek islands into the port. A fairly pretty way to arrive. While many of the lines that originate and terminate in Istanbul have recently been discontinued due to bankruptcy, there are still summer departures direct to Eastern Italy.

Other main towns on the Aegean coast have ferry connections with the nearest Greek islands as well. Trabzon, a major city on the eastern Black Sea coast has a regular line from/to Sochi on the Russian Black Sea coast. Mersin, Taşucu, and Alanya on the Mediterranean coast has ferry links with either Famagusta with Mersin or Kyrenia with others in Northern Cyprus.

See Ferries in the Mediterranean.

By car
By car

From Central Europe, getting to Turkey is not too difficult. In any case you'll need your International Insurance Card Green Card. Pay attention to "TR" not being canceled and be sure your insurance is valid for the Asian part of Turkey, too. Otherwise you will have to buy Turkish car insurance separately. In any case, Turkish customs will make an entry into your passport stating when the car and thus you have to leave Turkey again.

A carnet de passage is not necessary unless you intend to move on to Iran, which requires you to have a carnet de passage.

National driving licences from some of the European countries are accepted. If you are not sure about your situation, obtain an international driving licence beforehand.

Major roads from Europe are:

enters Turkey at Kapıkule border gate NW of Edirne, SE of Svilengrad from Bulgaria
enters Turkey at Dereköy border gate north of Kırklareli, south of Tirnovo from Bulgaria
enters Turkey at İpsala border gate west of Keşan, east of Alexandroupolis from Greece

A convenient connection from Western Europe, especially if you want to avoid narrow and perhaps poorly maintained highways of the Balkans, is to take the weekly motorail trains run by EuroTurk Express (http://www.euroturk-expre...), which depart from Bonn-Beuel station Germany every Saturday at noon, arriving two nights later during the afternoon in Çerkezköy, about 100 km northwest of Istanbul or an hour's drive through a high-standard motorway. Fares start at €139 for passengers, cars at €279.

Major roads from Middle East enter Turkey at numerous border gates around Antakya Antioch, from Syrian cities such as Aleppo and Latakia, Habur border gate south of Silopi, north of Zakho from Iraq, and Dogubeyazit border gate near Ararat from Iran.

Major roads from Caucasia enter Turkey at Sarp/Sarpi border gate from Georgia south of Batumi and Türkgözü border gate south of Akhaltsikhe this is the nearest border gate from Tbilisi but the last few kilometres on the Georgian side were really bad as of summer 2009. The border with Armenia is currently closed, thus impassable by car.

There are also other border gates unlisted here, from all the countries Turkey has a common land border with except Armenia, leading to secondary roads passable with a car.