Bosnia and Herzegovina

Companies

Companies
By bus

Due to the Bosnian war in the 1990s there are bus companies serving the Bosnian diaspora, which provide a cheap and clean way of getting to the other side of the European continent.

Companies
Centrotrans
Based in Sarajevo
+ 387 (0) 33 46 40 45
buses are operated through the regular bus stations around the country

Centrotrans operates for Eurolines to Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, France, Germany, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.

Companies
Globtour
+ 387 (0)36 653 253
Operates from Međugorje, through the whole country

Regular buses to Germany, Austria, Sweden and Croatia.

Companies
Semi tours
+ 387 (0)61 596 443
Return ticket from € 154

Several buses per week to Belgium and The Netherlands

Companies
Top Tourist
+ 387 (0) 66 30 83 00
Tickets can be paid on the bus, but advance booking and payment is recommended. Sarajevo via Salzburg (twice weekly) ~1000 dkr (280 BAM, €140) return

Weekly buses from and to Nordic European countries eg. Denmark, Sweden, Norway

Companies
Turistik
Bihaćkih branilaca, Bihać
+387 (0) 37 312 611
Across the main bus station

To the federation by bus from Switzerland.

Companies
By bus

Feel Bosnia Address: Kemala Kapetanovića bb 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Email: info@feelbosnia.com (http://feelbosnia.com/www...)

Entry Requirements

Nationals of EU countries, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Montenegro, Serbia and Switzerland can enter Bosnia and Herzegovina visa-free for up to 90 days with either a passport or a national identity card.

Foreign nationals of the following countries/territories can enter Bosnia and Herzegovina visa-free for up to 90 days with a passport: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan Republic of China, Turkey, United States, Uruguay, the Vatican City, Venezuela, additionally persons holding British National Overseas, Hong Kong SAR, Macau SAR and Sovereign Military Order of Malta passports.

Nationals who need visa to enter Bosnia and Herzegovina are eligible for free 7 days visa if they are holding a multiple-entry Schengen visa or Schengen countries residence permit. However, this will only apply if you're traveling to Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Schengen or EU member countries agreements signatories.

Any person not covered by one of the visa exemptions listed above will need to apply for a visa at an embassy or consulate of Bosnia and Herzegovina in advance.

More information about visa exemptions and the visa application procedure is available at the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (http://www.mfa.ba/konzula...).

By bus
By bus

Buses are plentiful in and around Bosnia. A list of bus stations and timetables in Bosnia can be found here (http://www.autobusni-kolo...)

Most international buses arrive at the main Sarajevo bus station autobuska stanica which is located next to the railway station close to the centre of Sarajevo. A few buses from Belgrade, the Republika Srpska entity and Montenegro use the Lukavica bus station in Istočno Eastern Sarajevo the Serbian neighbourhood of the town. Note, however, that the "Eastern" bus station is actually west of the city center, near the international airport and the Dobrinja trolleybus terminus.

Frequent coach services run from Sarajevo to:

Croatia: Zagreb 4 daily, Split 4 daily, Rijeka and Pula daily, and Dubrovnik daily at 6.30AM

Serbia: between Belgrade and eastern Sarajevo there are 5 daily services, there is also a daily service to Sarajevo main station

Slovenia: Ljubljana daily

Montenegro: Kotor daily the trip is 7 hours and has spectacular views

in addition to the longer-distance buses further afield to the Republic of Macedonia, Austria and Germany.

From Mostar, Banja Luka and Tuzla there are also frequent international services. Herzegovina also has many bus services from the Dalmatian coastal cities of Croatia.

International bus services are nearly always in modern, luxurious 5-star coaches - the only exceptions to this are normally the local buses operating slightly over the border max. 3 hour trips.

By plane
By plane

Sarajevo Airport (http://www.sarajevo-airport.ba) IATA: SJJ is in the suburb of Butmir and is relatively close to the city centre. There is no direct public transportation, and taxi fares to/from the airport are often more expensive than intended for the short distance. One option to save cash is to take a taxi to the tram terminus at Ilidža ill-EEJ-ah and board the tram for the last part of your journey, cost 1,80KM). Alternatively, call another taxi company than Sarajevo Taxi which has a monopoly on the taxi ranks at the airport and 99% of the time will rip you off from the airport to pick you up at the airport parking lot. Just wait by the entrance to the parking lot near the terminal and flag your taxi driver down when he approaches. The most popular taxi company that almost always uses the meter is Crveni Red Taxi - 033/760 600.

The national carrier of Bosnia & Herzegovina, B&H Airlines, shut down in June 2015 due to unpaid debts to the Federation government.

Croatia Airlines (http://www.croatiaairline...) connects Sarajevo via Zagreb at least twice daily, and from there connections are possible to Brussels, Frankfurt, London, Munich, Paris, Zurich and several other European cities.

Air Serbia (http://www.airserbia.com/) connects Sarajevo daily via Belgrade, and from there one can connect with other international flights on Air Serbia and its partners to Frankfurt, Amsterdam and Rome, among others.

Some of the other airlines which operate regular daily services into Sarajevo include:

Turkish Airlines (http://www.thy.com/) to Istanbul-Atatürk

Pegasus Airlines (http://flypgs.com/) to Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen

Adria Airways (http://www.adria.si/) to Ljubljana

Lufthansa (http://www.lufthansa.de/) to Munich

Germanwings (http://www.eurowings.com)] to Cologne and Stuttgart

Austrian Airlines (http://www.austrian.at/) to Vienna

Swiss International Air Lines (http://www.swiss.com/) to Zurich and Geneva

Norwegian (http://www.norwegian.com/) to Oslo and Stockholm, seasonally to Copenhagen

flyDubai (http://www.flydubai.com/) to Dubai

Czech Airlines will re-launch its service to Prague in May 2016.

For other services, check the Sarajevo Airport (http://www.sarajevo-airpo...) website.

Mostar (http://www.mostar-airport.ba), Tuzla (http://www.tuzla-airport.ba) and Banja Luka (http://www.banjaluka-airp...) also have international airports, but with limited international services Banja Luka only to Belgrade on Air Serbia, Mostar primarily to charter destinations in Italy. Tuzla International Airport was recently given hub status by Wizzair and now flies to several destinations in the Netherlands, Germany and Scandinavia. Note, however, that there are limited convenient transportation options between TZL and Sarajevo. Wizzair operates one shuttle service between the capital and the airport, often very late at night 11pm to 2am. Your best options are either to take a taxi to the bus station in Živince jiv-ih-NEE-tse and take the bus from there to Sarajevo or to take a taxi or shuttle service, if available, to Tuzla and stay overnight to catch the more frequent services to Sarajevo.

Many travellers choose to fly into Serbia or Croatia, continuing travel by bus to BiH, on Zagreb, Split or Dubrovnik, the latter two being serviced by seasonal cheap tourist charter flights.

By ship
By ship

Ferries are available from Neum to other cities on the Adriatic connecting to Croatia and other countries. There are no international ferries across the Adriatic to Italy, but these do operate from Dubrovnik and Split.

Similarly transport is available along the inland rivers and lakes, some of which is privately run.

By train
By train

Train services across the country are slowly improving once again, though speeds and frequencies are still low. Much of the rail infrastructure was damaged during the recent conflict, and lines have been opened on a priority basis, though not to the high level of service pre-war. The train services are operated by the two separate entities based on the political division of the country, which results in the locomotives being changed rather often.

To/from Croatia

There are two daily trains running from Sarajevo to Zagreb 10 hours, the capital of Croatia, and onwards to the rest of Europe.

The 'day' train leaves from Zagreb at 08:55AM and arrives in Sarajevo at 18:30h, before continuing on to Mostar and Ploče. The return journey departs Sarajevo around 10AM. Ticket costs 24 EUR one way return ticket holds some discount. A 'night' train now operates with sleeping facilities on board leaving both Zagreb and Sarajevo at 21:20 9:20PM - from Sarajevo there is an ill-timed passport check to ensure you won't get a full night's sleep! There is no buffet car on this route - be advised to take supplies beforehand for the spectacular 9hr trip, though men with small trolleys will occasionally walk through the train selling overpriced soft drinks etc.

Trains also operate from Sarajevo to Mostar. Services operate a few times daily, are relatively empty and provide possibly the most stunning rail journey in all of Bosnia! Be aware, the rail connection from Mostar to Ploče Croatia is no longer in service.

Aim to buy your ticket before you board the train. If you don't buy before you board then buy from the conductor onboard but beware that he/she may only sell you a ticket for his/her part of the journey - the staff and locomotives usually change when the train leaves Croatian territory and again when the train goes from the territory of Republika Srpska into the Federation.

To/from Hungary

The direct train service between Budapest and Sarajevo ended in 2012.

To/from Serbia

The direct train from Belgrade to Sarajevo is no longer in operation. Recent discussions, however, have taken place between the Serbian and Bosnian governments to improve and re-open passenger services between Belgrade and Sarajevo.

Special tickets
By train

Travelling to Bosnia is possible with an Interrail-pass. In Bosnia, other Balkans countries & Turkey also with the Balkan Flexipass.

By car
By car

WARNING:

landmine threat

even for a pee-break

#Stay safe

22 May 2015

Bosnia is a beautiful country to drive in as the scenery is often spectacular.

However, due to the mountainous terrain, atrocious driving by many road users including dangerous overtaking on narrow highways, and generally poor condition of the road around the country, do not expect speeds will be fast - especially given the relatively short distance 'as the crow flies'.

The US State Department's advisory on Bosnia and Herzegovina read in 2008:

Road travel is possible throughout most of the country. However, some roads are still damaged from the war, and poorly maintained. Roads are sometimes blocked due to landslides, de-mining activity, and traffic accidents. Bosnia and Herzegovina is among the rare countries in Europe that has fewer than ten kilometers of four-lane highway. The existing, two-lane roads between major cities are quite narrow at places, lack guardrails, and are full of curves. Travel by road can be risky due to poorly maintained roads, and morning and evening fog in the mountains. Driving in winter is hazardous due to fog, snow, and ice.

This advisory should be updated since Bosnia and Herzegovina has already around 80 kilometeres of excellent highways and construction of new highways is in a full swing.When finished, this highway will connect the northern part of Croatia with the coast as well as the new highway from Zagreb to Split, which eventually will extend to Dubrovnik. Also, main roads in the country named "magistrale" in local languages are normally in great conditions. If you leave main roads you might find problematic roads, but driving even there should not be a big problem. The only problem for foreigners can be aggressive drivers who do not show any respect for speed limits and other rules. Drive carefully and you will not face any problems.

As of 2009, the main routes from the coast via Mostar to Sarajevo, and north from Sarajevo to the Croatian Border at Slavonski Brod/Slavonski Šamac, have been restored and are of excellent quality. By 2015, 100km of motorway has been opened, from Zenica-South to Tarčin, bypassing Sarajevo, and from the Croatian border at Bijača to Medjugorje. Three more sections are under construction, and the entire stretch of the European Vc corridor motorway in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is due to be completed by 2022.

Petrol stations can be hard to find in some spots - often the best place to fill up is on the edge of towns and cities rather than in them.

Border crossings normally pose few problems.

Mechanics who speak English may be hard to find, and licensing may be an issue so ensure that you are allowed to actually drive there. Police regularly set up road blocks on the road and don't be surprised to be pulled over to check your papers and have a chat! Drivers should carry with them their "green card" liability insurance, drivers license and ownership documents, which may be inspected at border crossings.