During summer make sure you use adequate SPF to protect yourself from sunburn. There are no ozone holes over Croatia but it's fairly easy to burn in the sun. If this happens make sure you get out of the sun, drink plenty of fluids and rehydrate your skin. The locals will often advise covering the burnt spot with cold yogurt bought from the supermarket.
In case of an emergency you can dial 112 - responsible for dispatching all emergency services such as fire departments, police, emergency medical assistance and mountain rescue.
Since the hostilities ended in 1995, there remain an estimated 90,000 landmines in Croatia. However these are not to be found in areas visited by tourists. If you plan to hike consult locals before you go. The mine suspected areas are marked with 16.000 mine warning signs.
Do not stray from marked roads or known safe areas. For further advice refer to Wikitravel's war zone safety section.
Watch out for Bura wind danger signs. Bura is known in Velebit area, can blow up to 200 km/h and is known to have thrown lorries on the sides.
Avoid strip clubs at all costs. They are often run by very shady characters, and often overcharge their guests. Recent cases include foreigners that were charged 2000 euros for a bottle of champagne. These clubs overcharge their customers to the extreme, and their bouncers will not have any mercy if you tell them you are unable to pay. You will soon find yourself in a local hospital. Using common sense is essential, but due to the nature of the clubs this may be in short supply, and you may be better advised simply to steer well clear of these clubs.
There are no vaccination required to enter Croatia.
If you're going camping or hiking in continental Croatia during summer, you should be aware of ticks and tick-carrying diseases such as encephalitis and lyme-disease. Approximately 3 ticks in 1000 carry the virus.
In Eastern Slavonia particularly around the Kopacki Rit near Osijek wear long sleeves and take insect repellent.
Tap water in Croatia is perfectly safe, and in some areas considered the best in the world. However, you can still choose from several brands of excellent bottled water Jamnica being the most popular, and Jana, several times awarded as the world's best bottled water.
Broadband is widespread in Croatia. The most common ways of connecting to the internet are ADSL2+, cable EuroDOCSIS, FTTH and VDSL.
Broadband connections start at just 79kn for ADSL BTnet 4/0.384, unlimited and 99kn for FTTH BTnet 10/10, unlimited.
However, the cheapest ISPs are usually available only in the largest towns, while the most widespread ISP is T-Com, with very high prices but wide coverage - prices start around 180kn for unlimited 4/0.5.
The fastest private internet package available in Croatia is Amis' 100/100 package which costs 880kn, and it also includes a landline.The more economically feasible high-speed broadband is H1's 50/15 VDSL for 300kn, which includes unlimited landline calls as well.
Internet cafés are available in all major cities. They are relatively cheap and reliable. A free Wi-Fi signal can be found virtually in every city cafés, hotels, private unsecured networks...
Croatian is, of course, the country's official language and as such is known by everybody. Italian is not only widely spoken and understood but is also recognised as a co-official language in most of Istria, due to that region's history and the presence of ethnic Italian communities; English is commonly spoken, particularly by the younger generation and by those who work in tourism or live in tourist areas such as the coastline from Istria to Dubrovnik and the capital city of Zagreb; German is also commonly spoken, particularly by older Croatians, given both the volume of German tourists and the historical relationships with German-speaking regions; Polish and Czech have some mutual intelligibility with Croatian, so you may wish to try these as well.
This said, Croatian is not an easy language to learn - but making an effort to learn a few basic phrases such as greetings and thanking will result in a positive response from most Croats, who will usually see it as a show of respect. Small gestures of this type do not go unnoticed, and travellers who engage in local culture will usually find that Croats who may seem somewhat reserved will open up much more readily, thus making the interaction much more enjoyable for the traveller.
Croatia uses the GSM 900 T-Mo, Vip /1800 Tele2 system for mobile phones. There are three providers, T-Mobile also operates the Bonbon and MultiPlus Mobile prepaid brand, Vip also operates the Tomato prepaid brand and Tele2. Over 98% of the country's area is covered. 3G UMTS 900, 2100 has been available since 2006, while 4G LTE 800, 1800, 2600MHz has become available in 2012. However, 4G is supported in larger cities only. If you have an unlocked phone, you can buy a Tele2 prepaid SIM card for 25 kn. GSM phones Nokia 1200, Nokia 2610, Motorola F3, LG KG130 or Samsung C170 bundled with T-Mobile or Vip prepaid SIM cards can be found in post offices, grocery stores and kiosks at prices between 50 and 200 kn.
An alternative to using mobile phones are Calling Cards which can be bought in postal offices and kiosks. There are two providers - Dencall and Hitme. The cheapest cards' price is 25kn.
Area Codes:When calling between cities you must dial specific city area codes:area code+phone number
Zagreb 01Split 021Rijeka 051Dubrovnik 020Sibenik/Knin 022Zadar 023Osijek 031Vukovar 032Varazdin 042Bjelovar 043Sisak 044Karlovac 047Koprivnica 048Krapina 049Istria 052Lika/Senj 053
Croatia's centuries long struggle for political independence defines political discourse in Croatia. Most Croats are fiercely patriotic and immensely proud of their cultural heritage, their language and their history. Keep in mind that 1990s, marked with ethnic conflict and the following war between Croatia and the separatist Republika Srpska Krajina, are still a painful subject, but generally there should be no problem if you approach that topic with respect. Visitors will find that domestic politics and European affairs are everyday conversation subjects in Croatia.
Socially, displays of affection among the younger generation are the same as Western European standards, but the older generation over 65 still are quite conservative.
When driving on rural roads, particularly where a driver has to pull in to allow you to pass, it is customary to wave a thanks to the other driver, by raising your hand from the steering wheel.
Most Croats will respond to "thank you" with something along the lines of "It was nothing" or "not at all" which is equivalent to English "Don't mention it".