is the world's largest plain of lava gravel, sand, and clay a "sandur". It covers 500 square miles and was formed by melting outwash that runs off the glaciers of the vast Vatnajökull icecap. Ships have run aground on the sandur's 45-mile long coast, mistaking it for a continuation of the ocean.
Svartifoss and Hundafoss waterfalls
hiking trails starting from the Skaftafell Visitor Center of Vatnajökull National Park lead to these waterfalls, glacier overlooks, and other scenic terrain.
a gravel road to the east of the access road for the Skaftafell Visitor Center leads to a foot trail at the base of this glacier.
Kviárjökull glacial lagoon
the retreating Kviamyrarkambur glacier has left a beautiful valley of grassy hummocks, kettle holes, and moraines surrounding a lagoon. Look for the "Kviamyrarkambur" sign that marks the side road following the west bank of the Kvia River toward the glacier. Follow the foot path that goes around the left side of the small rise at the end of the road and take the easiest, lowest path that wends through the hummocks.
Smaller and with fewer icebergs than Jökulsárlón, this glacial lagoon is less-visited and lets you get closer to the glacier that feeds it. It is located only a few hundred meters from the main road, but hidden by a small hill, some 47 kilometers east of Skaftafell and 10 kilometers west of Jökulsárlón. Look for a sign that says "Fjallsárlón Glacier Lagoon Boat Tours."
There is a cafe and boat tours at the lagoon. Be sure to walk out on the beach, where you can see smaller icebergs that are flushed out of the lagoon on the tide, some of them stranded on the beach. Jökulsárlón is a seven-square-mile glacial lagoon that formed after the the head of the Breiðamerkurjökull glacier began to recede from the edge of the ocean. It is the largest glacier that spills off the Vatnajökull ice cap, which rises to a height of 3,000 feet. The lagoon is the deepest lake in Iceland, with a depth of more than 800 feet. The lagoon is filled with fish, including herring, trout, and salmon, that drift in from the sea along with the tides, and seals that come to feed on them. A popular location for filming, has been featured in two James Bond films and one Tomb Raider film. The lagoon was frozen for the filming of a car chase scene in the James Bond movie Die Another Day. The villain, in a Jaguar, pursues Bond's Aston Martin across the ice between the icebergs.
considered to be one of Iceland's most picturesque towns, situated around a lagoon at the head of a towering fjord, and having more well-preserved old wooden buildings than most Iceland towns. It has has a thriving arts and culture scene.