The name Colle di Val d'Elsa means "Hill of Elsa Valley", and it is located in the heart of Tuscany close to the cities of Siena, Florence and Volterra. The location sits along the route of the old 'Via Francigena', which was the path travelled by pilgrims heading towards Rome from Central Europe in medieval times.
The city is renowned for the production of crystal glassware. This takes part in the lower part of town. The oldest part of the town is the "colle alta", the upper part, with a well-preserved medieval center.