Plan Your Travel
A great place to start planning how to get around Emilia-Romagna region and Bologna city using buses and trains is on: (http://126.96.36.199/re...)?.
Bikes are most popular amongst the people of Bologna. They are available for hire from various locations around the city one near the railway station. You can ride on the many bike trails and on the side of the road. Be sure to lock them safely with a good lock, as they get stolen all around town, especially around the university.
Bologna is a great place around which to travel on foot, as getting around the city is very simple with clear street signs. It is also a great way to find hidden gems such as Pizzerias packed with Italians so you KNOW you reached the right place. Be a bit careful when crossing roads, the city centre swarms with scooters and small motorcycles cars banned during the day and they ride them everywhere.
The TPER company is in charge of the buses in Bologna. Useful information can be found on their website: (http://www.atc.bo.it/engl...). Tickets may be purchased prior to boarding the bus, or on the bus where there are ticket machines. If you see 2 machines on a bus usually one red and one yellow the red one will sell you a ticket €1.5, valid for 75 minutes and the yellow one will validate a 'season' or multi-trip ticket. Information and ticket centres can be found in central locations railway station, coach station, city centere. Useful bus maps are also available there. These main ticket centres often sell multi-trip tickets at a discount e.g. 10-trip ticket for €12. You can also purchase tickets in many shops newsagents, tobacconists, cafés.
Layout Of The City
Looking at the map of the city get a free one at the Tourist Information Centre in Piazza Maggiore, the first thing to do to orient yourself is to find the Due Torri landmark in the middle of the free map. The centre of the city is surrounded by the Viali, a circular road easily recognisable. The northeast quadrant of the map is the university district which unlike some US campuses is an integral part of the city and not a separate compound. The two southern quadrants of your city map are residential sections of the city, and not common tourist areas. However, walking outside the city centre, further to the south, you will come upon hills and Giardini Margherita, the largest park of the city.