Minimum validity of travel documents
EU, EEA and Swiss citizens, as well as non-EU citizens who are visa-exempt e.g. New Zealanders and Australians, need only produce a passport which is valid for the entirety of their stay in Norway.
Other nationals who are required to have a visa e.g. South Africans, however, must have a passport which has at least 3 months' validity beyond their period of stay in Norway in order for a Schengen visa to be granted.
Norway is a member of the Schengen Agreement.
There are no border controls between countries that have signed and implemented this treaty - the European Union except Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Likewise, a visa granted for any Schengen member is valid in all other countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. But be careful: not all EU members have signed the Schengen treaty, and not all Schengen members are part of the European Union. This means that there may be spot customs checks but no immigration checks travelling within Schengen but to/from a non-EU country or you may have to clear immigration but not customs travelling within the EU but to/from a non-Schengen country.
Please see the article Travel in the Schengen Zone for more information about how the scheme works and what entry requirements are.
Citizens of Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Macedonia*, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro*, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, United States, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, as well as holders of Hong Kong SAR or Macau SAR passports are permitted to work in Norway without the need to obtain a visa or any further authorisation for the period of their 90 day visa-free stay. However, this ability to work visa-free does not necessarily extend to other Schengen countries.
Be keenly aware that Norway is not a member of the European Union. This means, especially if arriving by plane, that all persons entering Norway, regardless of point of origin, may be subject to customs controls at the port of entry. Information on duty-free allowances and regulations can be found on the Norwegian Customs Website. This has implications for air travellers see the next section.
Notice that if you have a domestic connecting flight, customs clearance takes place at the airport of first arrival to Norway, not in the final destination. This means that you have to pick your luggage, go through the customs, check it in again, and pass through the security once more before taking the connecting flight. This is the case even if your flight originates elsewhere in the Schengen area. In big and busy airports such as Oslo, this is quite a nuisance, and can be time-consuming. The only way to avoid this is to select connections that avoid the final domestic leg, either by using a non-stop flight or by connecting abroad.
Oslo Airport, Gardermoen IATA: OSL is the biggest airport in the country and the main international hub, 60 km north of Oslo. The airport is served by many major international and all domestic airlines.
The airport has scheduled flights to around 140 destinations abroad and 24 destinations in Norway. From the United Kingdom there are direct services to Oslo Gardermoen from:
Manchester Scandinavian Airlines
Aberdeen Eastern Airways
Edinburgh Norwegian Air Shuttle
London Heathrow Scandinavian Airlines and British Airways
London Gatwick Norwegian Air Shuttle
Dublin Scandinavian Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
From the United States:
Boston Norwegian Air Shuttle
Fort Lauderdale Norwegian Air Shuttle
Los Angeles Norwegian Air Shuttle
New York JFK Norwegian Air Shuttle
New York Newark United, Scandinavian Airlines
Oakland Norwegian Air Shuttle
Orlando Norwegian Air Shuttle
San Juan Norwegian Air Shuttle
From Australia and New Zealand, the quickest connection is via Bangkok, Doha or Dubai. Thai Airways flies nonstop from Oslo to Bangkok. Qatar Airways flies 5 times a week from Doha with connections from several destinations in Asia and Oceania. Emirates flies daily nonstop from Oslo to Dubai.
Sandefjord Airport, Torp IATA: TRF is located just north of Sandefjord, 115 km to the south of Oslo, and is Ryanair's destination airport in Oslo. Ryanair now operate another service, from London Stansted to Haugesund on the west coast.
Sandefjord Airport Torp has scheduled flights to 14 destinations in Europe and 3 destinations in Norway.
From the United Kingdom there are direct services from:
London Stansted Ryanair
Glasgow Prestwick Ryanair
Moss Airport, Rygge IATA: RYG is located just outside Moss and approx. 60km south of Oslo. Moss Airport Rygge has scheduled flights to/from approx 15 European cities and 3 domestic destinations.
Airlines operating at Moss Airport, Rygge:
Danish Air Transport (http://www.dat.dk)
Stavanger Airport, Sola has scheduled flights to/from London, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Berlin, Paris, Krakow, Madrid, Nice and some other European cities.
From the United Kingdom there are direct flights from:
London Heathrow Scandinavian Airlines and BMI
London Gatwick Norwegian Air Shuttle
Newcastle Eastern Airways, Widerøe
Aberbeen Scandinavian Airlines, Eastern Airways and Widerøe
Bergen Airport, Flesland IATA: BGO has scheduled flights to/from major European cities as London, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Berlin, Paris, Stockholm, Prague, Warsaw and other cities.
Apart from to previously mentioned airports there are domestic flights to Trondheim and Tromsø.
From the United Kingdom there direct flights from:
London Gatwick Scandinavian Airlines and Norwegian
Newcastle Easter Airways
Aberdeen Eastern Airways and Widerøe
Several international bus lines run into Oslo from Sweden, the major operators being Eurolines, Swebus Express and Säfflebussen. Service to Gothenburg and Copenhagen is almost hourly. The service to Stockholm is also far more frequent than the train. Lavprisekspressen has cheap bus tickets between the large cities in Norway, Denmark and Sweden.
The minibus service between Kirkenes and Murmansk run three times per day. Contact Grenseland/Sovjetreiser yes, they are actually still called that! in Kirkenes for booking.
Other coach lines exist between Sweden and Bodø and Mo i Rana, as well as between Denmark and Stavanger.
It is possible to enter by road from Sweden, Finland, or Russia. In all cases, customs checks are in place and there will be a lane for those with goods to declare red and a lane for nothing to declare green. Full passport control checks are found in the lone Norwegian-Russian land border crossing between Borisoglebsky and Storskog. Major roads to Norway include European route E6 which runs through Malmö, Helsingborg and Göteborg in Sweden before crossing the border at Svinesund in the south-east of Norway, E8 which runs through Turku, Vaasa and Oulu in Finland before crossing the border at Kilpisjärvi. There is an enormous number of possible routes and border crossings, but keep in mind that the road standards are not impressive and that speed limits are low.
Color Line (http://www.colorline.com/) run a daily ferry from Kiel to Oslo. The ferry leaves Kiel at 13.30 and arrives in Oslo at 09.30, the following day. The ferry terminal in Kiel is on Norwegenkai, which is a short walk across the bridge from Kiel's main railway station note that the bridge may at times be closed for pedestrians due to ship traffic. At the Oslo end of the journey, the terminal is located at Hjortneskai, which is just west of the city. There is a bus from the terminal to the city centre, which departs shortly after passengers disembark where shortly means that you might miss it if you're not one of the first leaving the boat.Aida operates cruises, usually from Hamburg, to places in Norway such as Bergen and the fjords.
Several companies run from various harbours in Denmark Frederikshavn, Hirtshals, Copenhagen to various Norwegian harbours Oslo, Larvik, Kristiansand, Stavanger, Bergen.
Color Line traffic from Hirtshals to Kristiansand and Larvik.
Stena Line from Frederikshavn to Oslo.
Fjord Line traffic from Hirtshals to Stavanger and Bergen.
DFDS Seaways traffic from Copenhagen to Oslo.
There are no ferry routes to the UK from Norway any more.
Thompson Cruise ships operate from Harwich and visit Flåm, Bergen, Molde, Hammerfest, Nordkapp, Tromsø, Lofoten Islands, Geiranger and Ålesund in Norway. The duration of the cruise varies from 5 days up to 2 weeks. Sailing time from Harwich to south Norway is 1.5 days. On board the cruise ship are a number of restaurants, bars, casinos, cinemas and also a stage show to keep you entertained during the journey. There are various classes of cabins available, ranging from shared rooms to singles, doubles and luxury suites.
There are trains from Sweden to Oslo, Trondheim and Narvik, with onwards inland connections.
For Oslo, daily service from Stockholm and Gothenburg. There are local services from Karlstad as well.
For Trondheim, the Nabotåget service from Östersund corresponds with one day and one night service from Stockholm, as well as the train from Sundsvall.
For Narvik, two trains run daily from Stockholm via Kiruna. Both are overnight.