Minimum validity of travel documents
EU, EEA and Swiss citizens, as well as non-EU citizens who are visa-exempt e.g. New Zealanders and Australians, need only produce a passport which is valid for the entirety of their stay in Portugal.
Other nationals who are required to have a visa e.g. South Africans, however, must produce a passport which has at least 3 months' validity beyond their period of stay in Portugal.
Portugal is a member of the Schengen Agreement.
There are no border controls between countries that have signed and implemented this treaty - the European Union except Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Likewise, a visa granted for any Schengen member is valid in all other countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. But be careful: not all EU members have signed the Schengen treaty, and not all Schengen members are part of the European Union. This means that there may be spot customs checks but no immigration checks travelling within Schengen but to/from a non-EU country or you may have to clear immigration but not customs travelling within the EU but to/from a non-Schengen country.
Please see the article Travel in the Schengen Zone for more information about how the scheme works and what entry requirements are.
Centraldetaxis.pt is a taxi cab central with national coverage working 24 hours a dayYou check correct taxi fares here at this taxi fare calculator to have an idea of hotel/airport transfers or any other tour you want to make. There's an app for Android to ask a taxi "just in time" or book to a later date or you can book it. National/International customer support phone numbers are available on the website.
Almost all major airlines fly to Portugal British Airways, Air France, Lufthansa, United, Delta, besides the country's own TAP Portugal. However, there are some cheap fares to be had from the no-frills airlines, like Aer Lingus, Monarch, easyJet, Ryanair and Vueling who have recently started flying to Lisbon LIS, Porto OPO and Faro FAO at good prices. There are three international airports in the mainland: Lisbon/Portela in the north of the city, and not far from the centre,near Loures; Porto/Pedras Rubras/Sá Carneiro also north of the city and relatively close to it, in Maia; and Faro, in the Algarve.
The Madeira and Azores Islands also have international airports, Madeira/FunchalFNC; Ponta Delgada PDLSão Miguel island.
From the United States, US Airways (http://www.usairways.com) offers many flights to Portugal via Philadelphia, SATA INT./AIR AZORES, from Boston, and Providenceseasonally, TAP Portugal and United from Newark and TAP Portugal from Miami.
Trains reach most larger cities from Lisbon to Porto, Braga, Aveiro, Coimbra, Evora, Faro.Lisbon is connected to Madrid, Spain;Porto to VigoSpain;Vilar Formoso to Spain, France and the rest of Europe.In the South it is not possible to enter Portugal from Spain. There are no train connections from i.e. Sevilla to Faro. The only option is to use buses, there are many.For more information, contact: CP (http://www.cp.pt/), Portuguese Railways.