Although Saint-Pierre and Miquelon are territories of France, and as such are within the European Union, they are not part of the Schengen Area and so immigration procedures are different from those of France.
Citizens of Canada do not require passports for stays of up to three months; official government issued photo identification cards - such as a drivers licence - are acceptable.
All other nations require passports.
Citizens of the European Economic Area, Andorra and Monaco do not require visas and are generally allowed to stay for as long as they want.
Citizens of Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Kiribati, Macau, Marshall Islands, Malaysia, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mexico, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Switzerland, Tonga, Tuvalu, United States, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, and persons holding British National Overseas or British Subject passports do not require a visa and may stay for up to three months.
Citizens of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia do not require a visa and may stay for up to three months, provided they have a biometric passport.
Citizens of Taiwan do not require a visa and may stay for up to three months, provided that their ID number is stipulated in their passport.
Additionally, holders of a valid residence permit issued by the Préfet of a French overseas département, the High Commissioner of a French territorial collectivity or a Schengen state do not require a visa and may stay for up to three months.
All other nationalities will require a Saint-Pierre and Miquelon visa, which can be applied for at a French embassy or consulate. Most travellers are only given a cursory inspection when entering the island of Saint-Pierre.
There are no flights to Saint-Pierre and Miquelon from anywhere but Canada. Visitors of certain nationalities will need a Canadian transit visa. Air service to Saint-Pierre is available via Air Saint-Pierre (http://www.airsaintpierre.com/) through:
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Moncton, New Brunswick
Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador
If you are going through Newfoundland via Port aux Basques, DRL Coachlines Ltd. offers daily scheduled passenger coach services between St. John's & Port Aux Basques on the island. DRL's head office is in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, but they can be reached toll-free at 1-888-738-8091. If you wish to reach their office in St. John's, call 1-709-738-8088.
Another bus service from Port Aux Basques to St. John's is Newhook's Transportation. Call them at 1-709-726-4876.
In either case, you'll need to get off the bus a short time after Clarenville to head southwest towards Fortune and the ferry to Saint-Pierre.
Travelling by car to Saint-Pierre requires driving through Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and taking the ferry.
From Argentia, take Route 100 northeast until the Trans Canada Highway Route 1. Take Route 1 West to Route 210. On 210, head Southwest until Route 220. Take 220 to Fortune.
From Port aux Basques, take the Trans Canada Highway Route 1. Take Route 1 East until Route 210. On 210, head Southwest until Route 220. Take 220 to Fortune.
As the island of Newfoundland is home to a moose population of over 100,000, do drive slowly and cautiously, especially when driving at night. Remember that hitting a moose is not like hitting a deer--a moose is a tall beast, and your car will hit its legs, knocking the brunt of its weight into the windshield and you. Depending on the size of your vehicle and speed, this could result in death or serious injury.
Marine Atlantic ferry service runs from North Sydney, Nova Scotia, to Port aux Basques, Newfoundland and Labrador on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland, throughout the year, and to Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador about 90km from St. John's, during the summer. The duration of the ride depends on the weather and water conditions, so patience is of the essence. It is advisable to call Marine Atlantic ahead of time to make a reservation call 1-800-341-7981. If you are bringing a U-haul or something other than a passenger vehicle, you will likely be considered a commercial vehicle. Commercial vehicles can only make reservations by doubling the usual fare. It is cheaper to simply take your number, wait in line and hope for the best.
In general, Marine Atlantic Ferries cater to your every whim, carrying food, alcohol, gift shops, cinemas and sleeping accommodations. There will be lots for you to do.
Once in Newfoundland, drive or take a bus to Fortune see By car & By bus. From here, you'll leave your car and take the ferry to Saint-Pierre with SPM EXPRESS (http://www.spmtours.com/).