Brazil has a reciprocal visa policy with all countries, meaning that whenever prices and restrictions are applied to Brazilian visiting a country, Brazil adopts the same measures for that country's visitors.
Citizens from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay may enter the country with a valid ID card and stay up to 90 days.
No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days from holders of passports from these countries, unless otherwise indicated: Andorra, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Rep., Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hong Kong SAR passport, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Singapore 30 days, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom Including British National (Overseas passport holders), Uruguay , Venezuela 60 days and Vatican City. Note that the immigration officer has the right to restrict your visa to less than 90 days, if he deems fit. This has been done routinely for lone male travellers arriving in Fortaleza, allegedly to combat prostitution tourism. He will then state the number of days e.g. 60 or 30 in pen writing inside the stamp just given in your passport; if not, it remains as 90 days.
Citizens from all other countries complete list (http://www.portalconsular.mre.gov.br/antes/quadro-geral-de-regime-de-vistos-1) do require a visa. The fees vary depending on reciprocity: for example, US citizens have to pay US$160 for a tourist or business visa. As of February 2015, citizens of Canada should expect to pay at least CDN$97.50 for a tourist visa, not including any handling or processing fees. Cost of Brazil visa for citizens of Taiwan or Taiwanese passport holder pay $20 Reference from Embassy of Brazil in Lima, Peru and 5 days to process. The reciprocity, however, also frequently applies to visa validity: US citizens can be granted visas valid up to 10 years and, likewise, Canadian citizens for up to 5.
The visa process is particularly tedious for US citizens and special attention should be paid. There are several consulates in the country but you MUST apply to the consulate that covers your jurisdiction. You must submit a copy of your ID or a utility bill as proof of residence even if that is not listed anywhere. Visa sections do not accept telephone calls and you may have to email them in advanced to clarify any specific situation. For a tourist visa you MUST submit a copy of your plane ticket or reservation, a photo, and your signature. As of Dec 2015, you need to upload the photo and the signature online and the files must have specific sizes. The photo needs to have a 1.5 x 2 ratio or it would not upload. Each consulate will list the processing time, unless there is a life-or-death emergency, they would not process your application sooner than stated. The consulate would not even notify an applicant if documents are missing. If you do not have all the documents, your application will be denied, fee will be charged, and processing time starts from 0. Apply 2 to 3 months in advanced or go in person if possible.
Tourist visas including those granted on the spot in immigration control, as for most Europeans can be extended at any office of the Policia Federal. All state capitals, and most border towns and international ports have one. Tourist visas only be extended once, for a maximum of 90 days, and under no circumstances can you be granted more than 180 days with a tourist visa for any 365-day period. You should contact the federal police about 1 week before your visa expires. The handling fee is currently R$ 67 Oct. 2008. You may be asked for an outbound ticket book a fully refundable one on the internet, then cancel when your visa is extended, and a proof of subsistance for which your credit card is mostly accepted. In order to apply for the extension, you must fill out the Emissão da Guia de Recolhimento on the Federal Police website, which you will carry to the Banco do Brasil in order to pay the fee. Do not pay the fee until you have spoken with a federal police officer about your case. If she/he denies the extension of your visa, you must have a bank account in Brazil in order to receive a refund.
The requirement to first enter Brazil within 90 days of the issue of the visa now only applies to nationals of Angola, Bahrain, Burma, Cambodia, Cape Verde, China, Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Honduras, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, The Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Syria, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, and Tunisia. Failure to enter Brazil within 90 days will invalidate the visa, no matter how long it is otherwise valid for.
Entry vs. exit stampsImmediately after your passport is stamped by the Brazilian Federal Police, ensure that the last number on the right-end of the stamp is an odd number. A number 1 air/3 boat/5 car/bus indicates that you entered the country and a number 2/4/6 indicates that you exited. Some federal police officers have mistakenly given foreigners the even number stamp upon entering. If you have the even number stamp and try to extend the visa in a city that is not your port of entry, you will be told to return to the city where you received the incorrect stamp so that it may be corrected before you can receive the extension.
By law you are required to produce your outbound ticket upon entry, but this is only enforced in exceptional cases. Even if you are asked, you could often get away with explaining that you are taking the bus to Argentina, and couldn't buy the ticket in, say, Europe.
If you overstay your tourist visa, you will be fined R$8.28 per day as of October 2007, for a maximum of 100 days. This means that even if you stay illegally for 5 years, the fine will never exceed R$828. You will be made to pay this at the border crossing. As this can take time, it could be wise to do it a few days up front at a federal police office, especially if you have a domestic to international flight connection. The federal police will then give you 8 days to get out of the country. If you don´t pay your fine upon exiting, you will have to pay the next time you enter. The fact that you have been fined for overstaying in the past does not normally imply future difficulties with immigration, but you´d better keep all receipts and old passports for reference.
If you want to enter/exit the country for some reason without coming in contact with the immigration authorities, there are numerous tiny border towns that have virtually no control. You will perhaps be told by the local police who don´t have stamps or computer registers for immigration to contact the federal police in such and such nearby town.
When you are travelling from certain tropical regions to Brazil you need a yellow fever vaccination and the certificate showing you had this. Note that it is illegal to bring in animals, meat, dairy, seeds, plants, eggs, honey, fruit, or any kind of non-processed food without a permit. Contact [firstname.lastname@example.org] for more information.
Long-distance bus services connect Brazil to its neighboring countries.
The main capitals linked directly by bus are Buenos Aires, Asunción, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile, and Lima. Direct connections from the first three can also be found easily, but from Lima it might be tricky, though easily accomplished by changing at one of the others. Those typically go to São Paulo, though Pelotas has good connections too. It should be kept in mind that distances between Sāo Paulo and any foreign capitals are significant, and journeys on the road may take up to 3 days, depending on the distance and accessibility of the destination.
The national land transport authority has listings (https://appweb.antt.gov.b...) in Portuguese on all operating international bus lines. Online tickets around the country can be found at several websites like Guiche Virtual (https://www.guichevirtual...), brasilbybus.com (http://www.brasilbybus.com), Chegue.Lá (http://chegue.la), Embarcou.com (https://embarcou.com) and NetViagem (http://www.netviagem.com.br).
Green Toad Bus (http://www.greentoadbus.com) offers bus passes between Brazil and neighbouring countries as well as around Brazil itself.
Your legal rights and duties as an air passenger under Brazilian law
Free check-in baggage allowanceOn international flights departing from Brazil, all passengers are entitled to check-in at least 2 bags each weighing up to 32 kg free of charge. On domestic flights within Brazil on aircraft with more than 31 seats, all passengers are entitled to check-in bags that weigh up to 23kg in total free of charge.
ID requirementsOn domestic flights within Brazil, foreign nationals must present a valid passport at check-in and the boarding gate; alternatively, a national identity card/diplomatic credentials may be accepted based on agreements between Brazil and the issuing country. On international flights, foreign nationals must present a valid passport and visa for the destination country if required; alternatively, a national identity card/diplomatic credentials may be accepted based on agreements between Brazil and the issuing country.
Assistance from your airline in the event of a flight delay, cancellation or refused boarding1 hour waiting time - free communication e.g. phone calls, internet etc 2 hours waiting time - free communication + snacks + water 4 hours waiting time - free communication + snacks + water + accommodation + transportation to/from accommodation plus the option to reroute or obtain a refund if desired
For more information: Passenger Guide by the Brazilian National Civil Aviation Agency ANAC.
The cheapest airfares are from February after Carnaval to May and from August to November. Tickets from New York, for instance, can cost as little as US$699 including taxes. Many undersubscribed flights within Brazil can be had for bargain prices.
By far the largest international airport in Brazil is São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport IATA: GRU ICAO: SBGR, the hub of TAM airlines (http://www.tamairlines.com), which has direct flights to many capital cities in South America. Other direct flights include:
North America: New York, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Orlando, Atlanta, Charlotte, Washington, D.C., Houston, Dallas, Toronto and Mexico City.
Europe: Lisbon and Porto by TAP, Madrid by Iberia and Air China, Barcelona by Singapore Airlines, Amsterdam and Paris by KLM-Air France, London by British Airways, Frankfurt and Munich by Lufthansa, Istanbul by Turkish Airlines.
Asia: Seoul by Korean Air, Beijing by Air China, Singapore by Singapore Airlines, Abu Dhabi by Ethiad Airways , Doha by Qatar Airways, and Dubai by Emirates.
Africa: Taag Angola to Luanda, South African Airways to Johannesburg, Royal Air Maroc to Casablanca and Ethiopian Airlines to Lomé and Addis Ababa.
The second largest airport in Brazil is Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, IATA: GIG ICAO: SBGL the home of Gol Transportes Aéreos (http://www.voegol.com.br/INT/), which flies to many regional destinations including Santiago, Buenos Aires and Asuncion. Other direct flights include:
North America: Delta Air Lines flies to Atlanta, American Airlines flies to Miami, Dallas and New York, US Airways flies to Charlotte, and United Airlines to Washington, D.C., and Houston.
Africa: Taag Angola to Luanda about 3 times a week.
Europe: Paris by Air France, Rome by Alitalia, London by British Airways, Madrid by Iberia, Amsterdam by KLM, Frankfurt by Lufthansa, Lisbon and Porto by TAP Portugal.
From Oceania there are services avaible to Brazil through connections in intermediate stops: Sydney and Auckland are served by LAN Airlines with a connection in Santiago. Qantas's direct flight from Sydney to Santiago has codeshare agreements with LAN and TAM Airlnes making it possible to get a connection to Brazil there. South African Airways links Perth and Sydney to Brazil via Johannesburg. Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Auckland are served by Emirates via Dubai. Sydney is also served by Ethiad Airways via Abu Dhabi.
The Northeastern capitals have slightly shorter flying times to Europe and North America:
Natal: Direct flights to Lisbon by TAP, Amsterdam by Arkefly.
Recife: Direct flights to Lisbon by TAP, Madrid by Iberia, Atlanta by Delta, Miami by American Airlines and Frankfurt by Condor.
Fortaleza: Direct flights to Lisbon by TAP, Madrid by Iberia, Cabo Verde by TACV, and Italy by Air Italy.
In addition to the above, TAP flies directly to Salvador, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, Campinas, Porto Alegre. TAP Portugal (http://www.flytap.com) is the foreign airline with most destinations in Brazil, from Lisbon and Porto, and provides extensive connection onwards to Europe and Africa. American Airlines has flights from Miami to Manaus, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Brasília, Belo Horizonte and Salvador. Copa Airlines flies from its hub in Panama City to Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Porto Alegre and Manaus, provinding a wide range of destinations in North America, Central America and the Caribbean.
Air travel in Brazil has increased exponentially in the past few years, partly as a result of the poor condition of many Brazilian roadsqvand the absence of any viable railroad network cf India. It is still relatively inexpensive with bargains sometimes available and easily the best option for long distance travel within the country. Some major aiports, particularly those in Sao Paulo and Rio, are, however, becoming very congested.
Train service within Brazil is almost nonexistent. However, there are exceptions to the rule, including the Trem da Morte, or Death Train, which goes from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, to a small town just over the border from Corumbá in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul. There is still a train line from there all the way to São Paulo which at the moment is not in use, but bus connections to São Paulo via the state capital, Campo Grande, are plentiful. The journey itself is reputedly replete with robbers who might steal your backpack or its contents but security has been increased recently and the journey can be made without much difficulty. It goes through the Bolivian agricultural belt and along the journey one may see a technologically-averse religious community which resembles the USA's Amish in many ways.
The main border crossings are at:
with Uruguay: Chuy/Chuí, Bella Unión/Barra do Quaraí, Artigas/Quaraí, Aceguá/Aceguá, Río Blanco/Jaguarão, and between Rivera/Santana do Livramento
with Argentina: Paso de los Libres/Uruguaiana, Santo Tomé/São Borja, Bernardo de Irigoyen/Dionísio Cerqueira, Tobuna/Paraíso Santa Catarina, Comandante Andresito/Capanema, and between Puerto Iguazu/Foz do Iguaçu
with Paraguay: Ciudad del Este/Foz do Iguaçu, Salto del Guaira/Guaíra, and between Pedro Juan Caballero/Ponta Porã
with Bolivia: Puerto Suarez/Corumbá, Cobija/Brasileia/Epitaciolandia, San Matías/Cáceres and between Riberalta/Guayaramerin/Guajará-Mirim the bridge over Mamoré river will be ready in 2007
with Peru: Iñapari/Assis Brasil
with Colombia: Letícia/Tabatinga No road connections on either side of the border.
with Venezuela: Santa Elena de Uairén/Pacaraima
with Guyana: Lethem/Bonfim
In certain border towns, notably Foz do Iguaçu/Ciudad del Este/Puerto Iguazu, you do not need entry/exit stamps or other formalities for a daytrip into the neighbouring country. These same towns are good venues if you for some reason want to cross without contact with immigration authorities.