Baku, also known as Baky or BakÄ±, is the largest city in the Caucasus and the capital of Azerbaijan. Baku is on the coast of the Caspian Sea on the southern tip of the Absheron Peninsula. There are three major divisions in Baku: Ä°Ã§Éri ÅÉhÉr the ancient city, the Soviet built city, and the newest part of the city. The population as of January 2012 was 2 137,200.
A curious fact about Baku is that its average year-round temperature 14.2Â°C/57.6Â°F) matches the average temperature of the entire landmass of the earth to within a tenth of degree. Summers are hot and humid, winters cool, wet and breezy. However, seasonal temperature excursions are less than in many continental regions at this latitude about 40 degrees north owing to the presence of the Caspian Sea.